miércoles, 8 de febrero de 2012

[DPS Lab] Supercomputing in Mexico

Since 2003, Mexico has been in the TOP500, this classification list 2 times a year the ranking of the 500 most powerful computers in the world.

In first we have the supercomputer "K Computer", K comes from the japanese word "Kei" which means 10 quadrillion.

  • Location: RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (Kobe, Japan)
  • Manufacturer: Fujitsu
  • Date of Operation: June 2011 (Fully Operational November 2011)
  • Operating System: Linux
Technical Specifications
  • 88.128 2.0GHz 8-core SPARC64 processors VIIIfx packed in 864 cabinets (705.024 cores)
  • 1410048 GB of memory
  • 12659.89 kW of Power Consumption
  • Water Cooling System
Taked from http://i.top500.org/system/177232

In the center of the country was created the LANCAD project (Laboratorio Nacional de Computo de Alto Desempeño [National Laboratory of High Performance Computing]) with the contribution of the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV), and Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Each of these 3 institutions host a cluster of computation:

UNAM: Kan Balam

The UNAM host the supercomputer Kan Balam, it was developed by HP and has 1368 AMD 2.6 GHz Opteron Core processors, 3016 Gigabytes of RAM and a 160 terabytes storage, stored in 19 racks, which together, they use an area of 15 to 20 meters square.
KanBalam comunications operates through a high speed network with Infiniband technology at 10 gigabits per second.
Kan Balam has processing capacity to perform 7,113 trillion arithmetic operations per second and is capable of delivering this capability up to 350 users. The computer can increase their capacity in the future if necessary since this consists of servers, each with 4 processors.

UAM: Aitzaloa

The Aitzaloa cluster consists in 3 main parts.

High Performance Computing Node (HPC)
  • Number of Nodes: 270 (135 Supermicro's Twin) nodes
  • Processors: Quad-Core Intel Xeon 3.0 Ghz with 1600 MHz Front Side Bus
  • Number of Processors: Quad-Core 540 (2160 CORES)
  • Memory: 16GB RAM per node (4320 Total Distributed)
  • Computing Capacity: 18.4 TFlops.
  • Communications: Infiniband
  • Operating System: Linux Centos 5.2
Storage System
  • Comprising: 4 servers HP-Proliant DL380G5
  • Storage System: 100TB Luste
  • Hard Drives: 150 1TB drives in Raid 1 and Raid 6
  • Communications: Infiniband and Gigabit Ethernet
Master node
  • Processors: 2 Intel Xeon 2.8GHz Quad-Core
  • Front Side Bus: 1600 MHz
  • Memory: 32GB RAM
  • Communications: Infiniband and Gigabit Ethernet
  • Operating System: Linux
  • Distribution: Centos 5.2
  • Local Storage: 9TB

The companies that contributed to this project are HP and Sun Microsystems

IPN (CINVESTAV): Xiuhcoatl

In late January, CINVESTAV present Xiuhcoatl supercomputer, which in Nahuatl means "fire serpent"

It has 3.480 Intel and AMD processors with a capacity of 24.97 teraflops and 7,200 GB of RAM.
It has a storage capacity of 45.350 GB hard disk and reaching peak computing capacity would require between 70 and 80 kilowatt hours of power consumption.
This includes 170 servers supercomputer capable of performing 18 trillion mathematical calculations per second.
At U.S. cluster hybrid type, which integrates Intel and AMD processors, as well as graphics processing units contecnología GPGPU (General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Processing Units).

The "grid" has a capacity of about 50 Teraflops.

Xiuhcoatl, Kan Balam and Aitzaloa totaling 7 000 cores, its are interconnected by a fiber optic network from the Metro IPN to University, to UAM.

Some planned projects for this cluster range from modeling of proteins that cause Alzheimer's disease (interaction between the atoms), simulations of earth's climate, tsunamis and the formation of stars

The country is moving in the field of Supercomputers, however, the center are getting all the credit. Will the Northern students able to contribute to the supercomputing?


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